Our diamond education is the comprehensive one stop guide to buy diamond to answer all your questions. We address all the basic knowledge revolving around diamonds and the famous 4 C’s of Diamonds (carat, cut, color and clarity) to make a prudent decision while setting out to buy a diamond. Diamonds are the world’s most precious gemstone, therefore it is important to choose them right.
Since long, diamonds have not only been a symbol of royalty but also of love and commitment. Hence, they are conventionally been used in crafting engagement rings and other jewelry. Therefore, buying a diamond is an important personal, financial and emotional decision. Keeping this in mind, our expert team of gemologists make it easier for you to make the right choice while choosing diamonds.
It is often a misconception that Cut and Shape are one and the same. However, it is not the case. You must be wondering, how?
Quite simple to understand the fact that a gemstone’s shape refers to the outline of the stone while its cut determines the arrangement of a stone’s facets.
Carat Weight is the actual weight of the diamond measured in the unit of Carats. Often shortened to “Carat“, the term is usually confused with the visible size of the diamond. It is rare to find diamonds with high carat weight and will cost much higher.
In market terms, it is to be noted that 100 points equal 1 carat. And we recommend to buy diamonds with 10-15 points lesser than the diamond you like, this would help you trim off the costs.
Color of Diamond is the measurement of a diamond’s lack of color. The rule of the thumb must be - Lesser the Color in a Diamond, the Higher is its Value.
|D||Colorless - Rarest and Most Expensive|
|I||Appears white, but more Affordable|
|J||Yellow tint can be detected|
|Z||Yellow in Color|
The third measuring factor while buying a diamond is Clarity. Clarity can be defined as the measure of minor imperfections on and inside the diamond.
The flaws occurring on the surface are termed as Blemishes while the imperfections found trapped inside the diamond are called Inclusions.
Again, it is quite obvious that the diamonds with little to no imperfections will be costlier.
According to the GIA Diamond Clarity Grade Scale, the diamonds can be categorized as-
|F||Flawless Inside Out|
|IF||Internally Flawless - Blemishes on Surface|
|VVS1, VVS2||Very Very Slightly Included|
|VS1, VS2||Very Slightly Included|
|SI1, SI2||Slightly Included|
|I1, I2, I3||Included and Detectable with Eye|
The fourth factor of measurement is the Cut of a Diamond and perhaps the most important one as the Cut determines how well a diamond can return the light back to your eye. It is the Cut of the Diamond which makes it sparkle!
Sometimes, the specific cuts can also help the diamond cutters to hide the inclusions.
The factors which determine the cut quality of a Diamond, namely - proportion, symmetry and polish.
Cut grades are referred by the GIA Standards as - Excellent, Very Good, Good, Fair and Poor.
After getting accustomed to the 4C’s (Cut, Carat, Color, Clarity) of diamonds, now lets take step further and venture into the advance topics of Diamond selection. In the above mentioned guide, you must have stumbled on various terms which made you scratch your head or tempted to explore the internet but don’t worry we have go you covered right here. Have a look into the general anatomy of diamond to understand each and every diamond attribute which shall help you to balance your budget and highest value.
Fluorescence is graded based on the diamond’s appearance in Ultraviolet Light. Due to trace minerals that occur in the diamond as it forms naturally, or within the lab, the diamond can emit a blue glow. While fluorescence does not affect the appearance of the diamond in daylight, it can impact the price of the diamond. Therefore, fluorescence needs to be carefully assessed especially when it comes to color and clarity.
Symmetry is the proper and precise arrangement of the facets of the Diamond, how well they are proportionately aligned with each other. Diamonds which are well cut will obviously be graded excellent, associating this attribute with the overall cut grade. The symmetry grade can be found on the IGI or GIA certificate.
Diamond polish is how well the facets are polished and how smooth and even the surfaces are. If there is roughness, unevenness or remnants of the rough diamond, the diamond gets a lower quality. Polish is another advanced C that feeds directly into the cut grade of the diamond. Generally diamonds that have an excellent cut grade will also have an excellent polish grade.
The culet is the bottom portion of the diamond which needs to be in the correct proportion of the diamond based on the shape of the diamond. The culet of the diamond determines the passage of the light through the diamond and ultimately the sparkle of the diamond. If the culet of the diamond is not in the correct proportion, there is light leakage and this can detract from the sparkle of the diamond.
The measurements of the diamond determines once again how well the diamond sparkles and how well the facets can show off the color and clarity of the diamond. A well proportioned diamond of the same size, may look better than the diamond that is larger but has less than ideal measurements. The proportions of the diamond can also make the gemstone look larger face up and maximize the beauty of the diamond.
Naturally diamonds are formed inside the Earth’s mantle. The conditions of extreme temperature and pressure prevailing there forces the carbon from organic matter to undergo changes in its crystalline structure, the result of which is the natural diamond. The process of which takes billions of years.
Although lab grown diamonds are same in the chemical composition, however, there are few differences based on price point, environmental damages and ethical concerns.
The average lab diamond costs 20-30% less than a mined diamond due to the fact that they are fairly new to the market.
Environmental concerns are almost eliminated because mining gives rise to irreversible ecological damage to the earth’s mantle.
With lab grown diamonds, one can rest assured that the unethical means such as slave labor are totally eliminated.
Over 2400 years ago, the diamonds first appeared in India and over time, diamonds were found in many other areas around the world, such as, many places in Africa. In current era, diamonds are sourced from Africa, Russia, Australia and Canada.
At home you can simply prepare a solution of warm water and basic dishwasher soap and soak your ring for about 20 to 40 minutes. However, if the ring has some residue you can make use of a very soft brush. Use of Chlorine or other harsh chemical, even some certified cleaners can damage your jewelry.
Alternatively, you can prepare a mixture of 1/2 cup vinegar and 2 TSP baking soda and soak your jewelry into the solution for 2-3 hours then rinse it under cold water.
It is hard to exactly throw a number out in the open since the price of a carat diamond might depend upon factors such as grade of the diamond as well as the location from where you are buying it, however, on an average, the price of a carat may vary from $1910-$15650.
The most common Diamond Certifications includes from GIA, AGS IGL, SGL, EGL, GSI and HRD labs. It is usually a document you receive on the behalf of the aforementioned 3rd party labs which describes a diamond in all of its characteristics.
Each and every party’s defining grounds may defer.