When we talk about pearls, we should not only get tempted by the luster they carry but the overall mysterious formation of pearls is fascinating in its own way. Unlike any other jewel, pearls are a result of organic creation when an irritant happens to enter the shell of a specific kind of mollusk. These mollusks in their defense mechanism start forming a layer of fluid around that irritant. Layer-by-layer the deposition takes place and after 5-10 years that irritant becomes the pearl that we cherish so much in our jewelry.
Now, let us try to understand the three broad kinds of pearls on the basis of their creation.
As the name suggests, natural pearls are formed by nature's own organic process which is the reason behind their rarity and only a few can find their way into the market. The best-known source of natural pearls was the Persian Gulf but the discovery of oil made the waters unfit for pearl production. Therefore, finding a natural pearl is in itself an achievement.
The formation of cultured pearls is the same as the formation of natural pearls, however, if natural pearls are just a chance occurrence, cultured pearls are intentionally produced by inducing an irritant in a mollusk surgically. They are in turn kept under protection in what is called the “pearl farms.” However, even after 5-10 years of wait, the quality of pearls wholly depends upon nature.
These pearls have no connection with any mollusks or water sources. They are man-made pearls created from dipping glass beads into a solution of fish scales. The luster obtained is great, though eventually, it fades with time.
Freshwater Pearl -
Pearls are produced from cultivating pearl farms of freshwater mussels in place of saltwater oysters. Freshwater pearls are produced in great numbers which ultimately keeps their price moderated out of all the cultured pearls. Freshwater pearl jewelry is an obvious choice for people with budget constraints.
The cultured pearls of Japan. Akoya pearls are the most lustrous of any pearl found in the world. Akoya pearls are credited for pure white or cream color. Sometimes, a yellow, pink or blue tint is hard to miss in these pearls.
Large tropical or semi-tropical oysters are the reason behind the formation of cultured pearls of the South Sea. They are not only the largest pearls but also priced comparatively higher than other pearls because of their relative rarity. Commonly they are formed with a white, gold, or silver lustre.
The saltwater of French Polynesia, the birthplace of the Black Tahitian pearls is a rare beauty of nature. Out of 10,000 oysters, only one contains a pearl which might give you an idea about the rarity of this pearl. Black Tahitian pearls are not usually black but are silver, gray, or bronze with pink tones.
Just before you set out to buy pearls or pearl jewelry, it is necessary to do your homework about all those factors which determine the quality or grade of a pearl. Here are some briefly described points which should be kept in mind while buying a pearl.
Lustre - The pearl must incorporate a surface brilliance coupled with a deep-seated glow. A good quality cultured pearls’ luster should be bright and not dull. You must be able to clearly see your own reflection and the pearl must not look too chalky.
Shape - The shape of cultured pearls is subject to nature since they are grown by oysters, therefore, one can hardly expect or wish for a perfectly spherical pearl which is by far the most expensive.
Size -The size of pearls is usually measured in terms of their diameter in millimeters. The average size of cultured pearls which find their way into the market fall between 7 to 7.5 millimeters.
Surface - A pearl is certified “clean” only when its surface is totally free from spots, bumps, or cracks.
Color -The choice of color for pearls totally depends upon the person wearing them. The skin tone of a person very much influences the color of the pearl to be worn.
In conclusion to the aforementioned points to be kept in mind while setting out to buy pearl jewelry for you or your loved one, we suggest that the selection of the pearls to be made considering all the factors, compromise in some and while certain characteristics are a must. We at Rosec Jewels, not only allow our customers to choose from a wide variety of jewelry but also guide them to make a purchase that is worth their every dime.